The pathogenicity of Staphylococcus aureus is determined by its ability to express multiple virulence factors. Thus far the virulence potential of S. aureus isolates has been described by the virulence gene repertoire, which, in part, varies considerably among the different isolates. Extracellular proteins constitute a reservoir of virulence factors and have been shown to play an important role in the pathogenicity of bacteria. Analyses of the expression of these virulence factors and elucidation of regulatory networks involved in S. aureus virulence by using gel based proteomics can yield information important for our understanding of the virulence potential of this pathogen and its interaction with the host. In addition, these approaches are critical for a comprehensive understanding of secretion and modification of virulence factors.
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