[The statement of Polish Gynaecologic Society experts concerning drinking water consumption in women in reproductive age, pregnancy and breast feeding]

Ginekol Pol. 2009 Jul;80(7):538-47.
[Article in Polish]


Water is a substance essential for life. It creates the environment of our body, keeps it's homeostasis, enables every biochemical reaction and metabolic processes in human organism. Maternal hydratation is essential for homeostasis of two organisms and drinking water influences the amniotic fluid volume, fetal well-being and removes toxic metabolic products. The chemical contaminants of drinking water and products of it's chlorination and ozonization could be responsible for spontaneous abortion, birth defects and perinatal complications. Therefore it is recommended to drink natural mineral water for women in reproductive age.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Abortion, Spontaneous / chemically induced
  • Abortion, Spontaneous / prevention & control*
  • Adult
  • Congenital Abnormalities / etiology
  • Congenital Abnormalities / prevention & control*
  • Disinfectants / adverse effects
  • Drinking*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inservice Training / standards
  • Mineral Waters / standards
  • National Health Programs / standards
  • Poland
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / etiology
  • Pregnancy Complications / prevention & control*
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Societies, Medical
  • Solvents / adverse effects
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / adverse effects*


  • Disinfectants
  • Mineral Waters
  • Solvents
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical