Fibrin glue in ophthalmology

Indian J Ophthalmol. Sep-Oct 2009;57(5):371-9. doi: 10.4103/0301-4738.55079.

Abstract

Suturing is a time consuming task in ophthalmology and suture induced irritation and redness are frequent problems. Postoperative wound infection and corneal graft rejection are examples of possible suture related complications. To prevent these complications, ophthalmic surgeons are switching to sutureless surgery. A number of recent developments have established tissue adhesives like cyanoacrylate glue and fibrin glue as attractive alternatives to sutures. A possible and promising new application for tissue adhesives is to provide a platform for tissue engineering. Currently, tissue glue is being used for conjunctival closure following pterygium and strabismus surgery, forniceal reconstruction surgery, amniotic membrane transplantation, lamellar corneal grafting, closure of corneal perforations and descematoceles, management of conjunctival wound leaks after trabeculectomy, lid surgery, adnexal surgery and as a hemostat to minimise bleeding. The purpose of this review is to discuss the currently available information on fibrin glue.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Eye Diseases / surgery
  • Fibrin Tissue Adhesive / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Suture Techniques / instrumentation*
  • Tissue Adhesives / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Fibrin Tissue Adhesive
  • Tissue Adhesives