Workplace safety: a meta-analysis of the roles of person and situation factors

J Appl Psychol. 2009 Sep;94(5):1103-27. doi: 10.1037/a0016172.


Recent conceptual and methodological advances in behavioral safety research afford an opportunity to integrate past and recent research findings. Building on theoretical models of worker performance and work climate, this study quantitatively integrates the safety literature by meta-analytically examining person- and situation-based antecedents of safety performance behaviors and safety outcomes (i.e., accidents and injuries). As anticipated, safety knowledge and safety motivation were most strongly related to safety performance behaviors, closely followed by psychological safety climate and group safety climate. With regard to accidents and injuries, however, group safety climate had the strongest association. In addition, tests of a meta-analytic path model provided support for the theoretical model that guided this overall investigation. The implications of these findings for advancing the study and management of workplace safety are discussed.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / prevention & control*
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Leadership
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Organizational Culture
  • Safety Management / organization & administration*
  • Workplace
  • Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control*