Ultrasound guidance for pediatric peripheral nerve blockade

Anesthesiol Clin. 2009 Jun;27(2):197-212. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2009.06.001.


There is an increasing trend in the use of peripheral nerve blockade for postoperative analgesia in children, and the use of ultrasound guidance to perform peripheral nerve blocks is gaining popularity. A thorough knowledge of anatomy will help in performing the appropriate block, and will also aid in better use and understanding of ultrasound guidance. In this article, we briefly review the use of ultrasound guidance to perform common upper and lower extremity and truncal blocks.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Analgesia, Patient-Controlled
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Lower Extremity / innervation
  • Nerve Block / instrumentation
  • Nerve Block / methods*
  • Peripheral Nerves / diagnostic imaging*
  • Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional*
  • Upper Extremity / innervation