Objective: Sex cord tumors with annular tubules (SCTAT) are a rare subtype of sex cord stromal tumor of the ovary. An evidence-based management plan with follow-up evaluations is difficult to outline because of the rarity of these tumors. We describe the case of a premenarcheal patient with a SCTAT.
Design: Case report.
Setting: The patient was encountered during routine patient care process.
Patient(s): The patient presented with a pelvic mass and precocious puberty. Her condition was diagnosed as SCTAT. Her clinical presentation was consistent with an estrogen-secreting tumor, resulting in early menarche and premature breast development. Inhibin and estradiol levels were markedly elevated preoperatively and normalized 5 weeks after surgical removal of the tumor. The preoperative computed tomography scan demonstrated a 12-cm abdominopelvic mass, which appeared to be mostly cystic.
Intervention(s): The patient was treated surgically. She underwent laparotomy, right salpingo-oophorectomy, ipsilateral pelvic and paraaortic lymph node sampling, and partial omentectomy. Peritoneal biopsy samples were obtained from the abdomen and pelvis.
Main outcome measure(s): The patient did well postoperatively. She is being observed with serial examinations and serum inhibin measurements.
Result(s): Normalization of serum estradiol and inhibin along with cessation of menstruation were seen 5 weeks postoperatively, with persistence of morphologic signs of precocious puberty and advanced bone age at 11 months after the diagnosis.
Conclusion(s): The diagnosis of SCTAT was established on final pathology examination based on morphologic features of the tumor microscopically and the marker expression profile on immunohistochemistry. Primary management was surgical.