Memory formation in the brain is thought to be depending upon long lasting plastic changes of synaptic contacts that require alterations on the transcriptional level. Here, we characterize LAPSER1, a putative cytokinetic tumor suppressor that binds directly to ProSAP2/Shank3 and the synaptic Rap-Gap protein SPAR1 as a novel postsynaptic density component. Postsynaptic LAPSER1 is in complex with all important members of the canonical Wnt pathway including beta-catenin. Upon N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-dependent activation, LAPSER1 and beta-catenin comigrate from the postsynaptic density to the nucleus and induce the transcription and translation of known beta-catenin target genes, including Tcfe2a and c-Myc. The nuclear export and cytoplasmic redistribution of beta-catenin is tightly regulated by LAPSER1. We postulate a postsynaptic cross-talk between N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors and a LAPSER1-beta-catenin complex that results in a self-regulated, synaptic activity-dependent expression of beta-catenin target genes. This calls for a novel role of Tcfe2a and c-Myc in plastic changes of neural tissue.