Cortactin Regulates Cofilin and N-WASp Activities to Control the Stages of Invadopodium Assembly and Maturation

J Cell Biol. 2009 Aug 24;186(4):571-87. doi: 10.1083/jcb.200812176.

Abstract

Invadopodia are matrix-degrading membrane protrusions in invasive carcinoma cells. The mechanisms regulating invadopodium assembly and maturation are not understood. We have dissected the stages of invadopodium assembly and maturation and show that invadopodia use cortactin phosphorylation as a master switch during these processes. In particular, cortactin phosphorylation was found to regulate cofilin and Arp2/3 complex-dependent actin polymerization. Cortactin directly binds cofilin and inhibits its severing activity. Cortactin phosphorylation is required to release this inhibition so cofilin can sever actin filaments to create barbed ends at invadopodia to support Arp2/3-dependent actin polymerization. After barbed end formation, cortactin is dephosphorylated, which blocks cofilin severing activity thereby stabilizing invadopodia. These findings identify novel mechanisms for actin polymerization in the invadopodia of metastatic carcinoma cells and define four distinct stages of invadopodium assembly and maturation consisting of invadopodium precursor formation, actin polymerization, stabilization, and matrix degradation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actin Depolymerizing Factors / genetics
  • Actin Depolymerizing Factors / metabolism*
  • Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex / genetics
  • Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex / metabolism
  • Actins / metabolism
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / genetics
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cortactin / genetics
  • Cortactin / metabolism*
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism
  • Extracellular Matrix / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Animal / metabolism*
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Animal / pathology*
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14 / genetics
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14 / metabolism
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness*
  • Oncogene Protein pp60(v-src) / genetics
  • Oncogene Protein pp60(v-src) / metabolism
  • Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • RNA, Small Interfering / genetics
  • RNA, Small Interfering / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Tyrosine / metabolism
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein, Neuronal / genetics
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein, Neuronal / metabolism*

Substances

  • Actin Depolymerizing Factors
  • Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex
  • Actins
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Cortactin
  • Nck protein
  • Oncogene Proteins
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein, Neuronal
  • Tyrosine
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Oncogene Protein pp60(v-src)
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14