Efficacy and safety comparison between the DPP-4 inhibitor vildagliptin and the sulfonylurea gliclazide after two years of monotherapy in drug-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes

Horm Metab Res. 2009 Dec;41(12):905-9. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1234042. Epub 2009 Aug 24.


This report is part of the overall evaluation of using vildagliptin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Here the results of a multi-center, double-blind, randomized, active-controlled study designed to compare the efficacy and safety of two years of monotherapy with vildagliptin 50 mg bid and gliclazide up to 320 mg/day in drug-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes are reported. A total of 546 patients were randomized and approximately 74% of patients completed the study in each group. HbA (1c) values were slightly higher in the gliclazide group (HbA (1c) of 8.7+/-0.1% vs. 8.5+/-0.1% in the vildagliptin group). The mean reduction in HbA (1c) from baseline to Week 104 was -0.5% in the vildagliptin group and -0.6% in the gliclazide group. The associated 95% confidence interval (CI) for the between-group difference (0.13%) in mean change was (-0.06%, 0.33%). Thus, noninferiority based on an upper limit of the CI of 0.3% was not met. In the vildagliptin group, weight increased by 0.8+/-0.2 kg compared to 1.6+/-0.2 kg in the gliclazide group (p<0.01). Mild hypoglycemia was recorded in 0.7% of patients in the vildagliptin group and in 1.7% in the gliclazide group. Both drugs were well tolerated. In summary, vildagliptin monotherapy resulted in improved glycemic control in drug-naïve patients with type 2 diabetes. Although the hypothesis of noninferiority to gliclazide was not borne out statistically, the reductions in HbA (1c) were similar over a two year period and vildagliptin had significant benefits in terms of less weight gain and less hypoglycemia.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adamantane / adverse effects
  • Adamantane / analogs & derivatives*
  • Adamantane / therapeutic use
  • Demography
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors / adverse effects*
  • Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Gliclazide / adverse effects*
  • Gliclazide / therapeutic use*
  • Glycated Hemoglobin / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / adverse effects
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nitriles / adverse effects*
  • Nitriles / therapeutic use*
  • Pyrrolidines / adverse effects*
  • Pyrrolidines / therapeutic use*
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vildagliptin


  • Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Nitriles
  • Pyrrolidines
  • hemoglobin A1c protein, human
  • Gliclazide
  • Vildagliptin
  • Adamantane