A systematic review of the designs of clinical technology: findings and recommendations for future research

ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 2009 Jul-Sep;32(3):252-79. doi: 10.1097/ANS.0b013e3181b0d737.


Human factors (HF) studies are increasingly important as technology infuses into clinical settings. No nursing research reviews exist in this area. The authors conducted a systematic review on designs of clinical technology, 34 articles with 50 studies met inclusion criteria. Findings were classified into 3 categories on the basis of HF research goals. The majority of studies evaluated effectiveness of clinical design; efficiency was fewest. Current research ranges across many interface types examined with no apparent pattern or obvious rationale. Future research should expand types, settings, and participants; integrate displays; and expand outcome variables.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Cognition
  • Decision Support Systems, Clinical
  • Efficiency, Organizational
  • Equipment Design
  • Ergonomics / methods*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Evidence-Based Practice
  • Forecasting
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Humans
  • Medical Errors / methods
  • Medical Errors / nursing
  • Medical Errors / prevention & control
  • Nursing Evaluation Research / organization & administration*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Research Design
  • Software Validation
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • Technology Assessment, Biomedical / organization & administration*
  • User-Computer Interface*