Background: This study evaluated mechanical properties of glass ionomer cements (GICs) used for atraumatic restorative treatment. Wear resistance, Knoop hardness (Kh), flexural (F(s)) and compressive strength (C(s)) were evaluated. The GICs used were Riva Self Cure (RVA), Fuji IX (FIX), Hi Dense (HD), Vitro Molar (VM), Maxxion R (MXR) and Ketac Molar Easymix (KME).
Methods: Wear was evaluated after 1, 4, 63 and 365 days. Two-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc tests (P = 0.05) analysed differences in wear of the GICs and the time effect. F(s), C(s), and Kh were analysed with one-way ANOVA.
Results: The type of cement (p < 0.001) and the time (p < 0.001) had a significant effect on wear. In early-term wear and Kh, KME and FIX presented the best performance. In long-term wear, F(s) and C(s), KME, FIX and HD had the best performance. Strong explanatory power between F(s) and the Kh (r(2) = 0.85), C(s) and the Kh (r(2) = 0.82), long-term wear and F(s) of 24 h (r(2) = 0.79) were observed.
Conclusions: The data suggested that KME and FIX presented the best in vitro performance. HD showed good results except for early-term wear.