Imaging of renovascular disease

Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2009 Aug;30(4):271-88. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2009.04.002.


A variety of different imaging techniques have been used for the diagnosis of renal vascular diseases. The wide range of renal vascular diseases include congenital renal artery and vein variations, aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), renal artery stenosis, renal vein thrombosis, vasculitis, and traumatic injuries, such as dissection and vascular pedicle injury. In this article, we discuss the role of invasive and noninvasive imaging in each of these abnormalities and their typical features. Because renal artery stenosis is an important vascular abnormality encountered in clinical practice, imaging of this entity will be emphasized.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Angiography / methods
  • Contrast Media
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*
  • Radionuclide Imaging / methods
  • Renal Artery* / diagnostic imaging
  • Renal Artery* / pathology
  • Renal Veins* / diagnostic imaging
  • Renal Veins* / pathology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler / methods*
  • Vascular Diseases / diagnosis*


  • Contrast Media