For more than 60 years, the chemical induction of tumors in mouse skin has been used to study mechanisms of epithelial carcinogenesis and evaluate modifying factors. In the traditional two-stage skin carcinogenesis model, the initiation phase is accomplished by the application of a sub-carcinogenic dose of a carcinogen. Subsequently, tumor development is elicited by repeated treatment with a tumor-promoting agent. The initiation protocol can be completed within 1-3 h depending on the number of mice used; whereas the promotion phase requires twice weekly treatments (1-2 h) and once weekly tumor palpation (1-2 h) for the duration of the study. Using the protocol described here, a highly reproducible papilloma burden is expected within 10-20 weeks with progression of a portion of the tumors to squamous cell carcinomas within 20-50 weeks. In contrast to complete skin carcinogenesis, the two-stage model allows for greater yield of premalignant lesions, as well as separation of the initiation and promotion phases.