Introduction and aims: It has been described that patients who receive a transplant display a better Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Our objective was to describe the HRQoL before and after a solid organ transplantation, comparing results among various transplantations.
Methods: This HRQoL study using the SF-36 was implemented before as well as at 3 and 12 months posttransplantation. Posttransplantation were compared with pretransplantation scores as well as with the general population.
Results: One hundred sixty-two renal, 159 liver, and 58 lung candidates were included before transplantation, among whom there were 126 renal, 108 liver, and 22 lung recipients. The median age of all transplant recipients was 53 years with 68% men. The various transplant types began with different HRQoL: lung showed the worst, followed by the liver, and then renal. The scores of the SF-36 before and 3 months posttransplantation showed significant improvements, except for "Pair." At 12 versus 3 months, mental health was somewhat better for renal, and almost all dimensions showed significant improvement for liver and lung patients. All subjects showed clear improvements after transplantation.
Conclusion: All patients showed clear improvements after transplantation when mental health was compared with the general population, particularly lung transplant recipients who expressed the greatest improvement. However, they still showed deficits in physical health.