Health-related Quality of Life before and after a solid organ transplantation (kidney, liver, and lung) of four Catalonia hospitals

Transplant Proc. Jul-Aug 2009;41(6):2265-7. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.06.175.

Abstract

Introduction and aims: It has been described that patients who receive a transplant display a better Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). Our objective was to describe the HRQoL before and after a solid organ transplantation, comparing results among various transplantations.

Methods: This HRQoL study using the SF-36 was implemented before as well as at 3 and 12 months posttransplantation. Posttransplantation were compared with pretransplantation scores as well as with the general population.

Results: One hundred sixty-two renal, 159 liver, and 58 lung candidates were included before transplantation, among whom there were 126 renal, 108 liver, and 22 lung recipients. The median age of all transplant recipients was 53 years with 68% men. The various transplant types began with different HRQoL: lung showed the worst, followed by the liver, and then renal. The scores of the SF-36 before and 3 months posttransplantation showed significant improvements, except for "Pair." At 12 versus 3 months, mental health was somewhat better for renal, and almost all dimensions showed significant improvement for liver and lung patients. All subjects showed clear improvements after transplantation.

Conclusion: All patients showed clear improvements after transplantation when mental health was compared with the general population, particularly lung transplant recipients who expressed the greatest improvement. However, they still showed deficits in physical health.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation / physiology*
  • Kidney Transplantation / psychology
  • Liver Transplantation / physiology*
  • Liver Transplantation / psychology
  • Lung Transplantation / physiology*
  • Lung Transplantation / psychology
  • Male
  • Mental Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Period
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life*
  • Spain
  • Time Factors