Multi-criteria evaluation technique for SFI site identification of NORMS and oil industry waste disposal--possibilities in Kuwait

J Environ Manage. 2009 Oct;91(1):186-94. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.08.004. Epub 2009 Aug 29.


Waste generation and accumulating quantities of oil field waste are a matter of environmental concern. This study proposes the Slurry Fracture Injection (SFI) technique as an alternative waste disposal method. The slurried solids injection waste disposal method is environmentally secure and permanent, leaving no future liabilities that must be risk-evaluated or priced. An entire waste stream comprising ground solids and waste water can be injected into deep and hydraulically secure target strata with no contamination of potable water-bearing formations or formations outside the target zone that may contain resources (gas and oil). The slurry injection method can be used to clean and reclaim landfills, oil pits and granular waste dumps. This article proposes a two-tier screening method for evaluating the feasibility of this technique and the identification of suitable target zones. A stringent environmental and process control monitoring program should complement the planning and operational period to ensure environmental protection, waste containment, and regulatory HSE compliance.

MeSH terms

  • Chemical Industry*
  • Industrial Waste*
  • Kuwait
  • Petroleum*
  • Refuse Disposal*


  • Industrial Waste
  • Petroleum