Posttraumatic stress symptom trajectories in children living in families reported for family violence

J Trauma Stress. 2009 Oct;22(5):460-6. doi: 10.1002/jts.20440.


The present study examined latent class trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associations between demographics, prior trauma, and reason for referral on class membership. Children ages 7-18 (n=201) were recruited for participation in the Navy Family Study following reports to the U.S. Navy's Family Advocacy Program (FAP). Initial interviews were conducted 2-6 weeks following FAP referral, with follow-ups conducted at 9-12, 18-24, and 36-40 months. Growth mixture modeling revealed two latent class trajectories: a resilient class and a persistent symptom class. Relative to youth in the resilient class, participants in the persistent symptom class were more likely to be older and to report exposure to a greater number of trauma experiences at Time 1.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child Abuse / psychology*
  • Child Abuse, Sexual / psychology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Military Personnel / psychology
  • Naval Medicine
  • Regression Analysis
  • Resilience, Psychological
  • Spouse Abuse / psychology*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology*
  • United States / epidemiology