Background: Inflammation plays a multifaceted role in cancer progression, and NF-kappaB is one of the key factors connecting inflammation with cancer progression. We have shown that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) promotes NF-kappaB activation in colon cancer cells and pancreatic cancer cells. However, it is unclear why inflammatory stimuli can induce NF-kappaB activation in cancer cells.
Methods: We used two human pancreatic cancer cells, Panc-1 and AsPC-1, as target cells. LPS was used as an inflammatory stimulus. To confirm the participation of TLR4/NF-kappaB signaling pathway, we used three different NF-kappaB inhibitors (PDTC, IkappaBalpha mutant, and NF-kappaB decoy ODN) and siRNAs (against TLR4, MyD88, and MMP-9). Effect of LPS on pancreatic cancer cell invasive ability was determined by Matrigel invasion assay.
Results: LPS increased the invasive ability of pancreatic cancer cells, while blockade of NF-kappaB pathway decreased the LPS-dependent increased invasive ability. Blockade of TLR4 or MyD88 by siRNA also decreased the LPS-dependent increased invasive ability.
Conclusion: These results suggest that TLR/MyD88/NF-kappaB signaling pathway plays a significant role in connecting inflammation and cancer invasion and progression.
Copyright 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.