The biology, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of dental caries: scientific advances in the United States

J Am Dent Assoc. 2009 Sep;140 Suppl 1:25S-34S. doi: 10.14219/jada.archive.2009.0355.


Background: Scientific advances in cariology in the past 150 years have led to the understanding that dental caries is a chronic, dietomicrobial, site-specific disease caused by a shift from protective factors favoring tooth remineralization to destructive factors leading to demineralization. Epidemiologic data indicate that caries has changed in the last century; it now is distributed unequally in the U.S. population. People who are minorities, homeless, migrants, children with disabilities and of lower socioeconomic status suffer from the highest prevalence and severity of dental caries.

Results: Scientific advances have led to improvements in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of dental caries, but there is a need for new diagnostic tools and treatment methods.

Conclusions: and

Clinical implications: Future management of dental caries requires early detection and risk assessment if the profession is to achieve timely and cost-effective prevention and treatment for those who need it most. Dental professionals look forward to the day when people of all ages and backgrounds view dental caries as a disease of the past.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Dental Caries / etiology
  • Dental Caries / history*
  • Dental Caries / prevention & control
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Science / history
  • United States