Snapping scapula syndrome

J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Sep;91(9):2251-62. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.H.01347.


Snapping scapula syndrome arises from either a soft-tissue or a skeletal anomaly within the scapulothoracic space that creates a cracking sound during scapulothoracic motion that patients associate with pain. Nonoperative measures consisting of supervised physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications, and therapeutic injections are the mainstay of treatment. Open, arthroscopic, and combined operative approaches have been described for the treatment of refractory cases, with good overall outcomes in many relatively small case series. However, the optimal operative approach has yet to be determined.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone Neoplasms / complications*
  • Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Bursitis / diagnosis
  • Bursitis / etiology
  • Bursitis / physiopathology*
  • Bursitis / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Osteochondroma / complications*
  • Osteochondroma / diagnosis
  • Pain / etiology
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Scapula / physiopathology*
  • Thoracic Wall / physiopathology