Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2011;2011:178769.
doi: 10.1093/ecam/nep125. Epub 2011 Jun 15.

Influence of Craniosacral Therapy on Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Patients With Fibromyalgia

Affiliations
Free PMC article

Influence of Craniosacral Therapy on Anxiety, Depression and Quality of Life in Patients With Fibromyalgia

Guillermo A Matarán-Peñarrocha et al. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Fibromyalgia is considered as a combination of physical, psychological and social disabilities. The causes of pathologic mechanism underlying fibromyalgia are unknown, but fibromyalgia may lead to reduced quality of life. The objective of this study was to analyze the repercussions of craniosacral therapy on depression, anxiety and quality of life in fibromyalgia patients with painful symptoms. An experimental, double-blind longitudinal clinical trial design was undertaken. Eighty-four patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia were randomly assigned to an intervention group (craniosacral therapy) or placebo group (simulated treatment with disconnected ultrasound). The treatment period was 25 weeks. Anxiety, pain, sleep quality, depression and quality of life were determined at baseline and at 10 minutes, 6 months and 1-year post-treatment. State anxiety and trait anxiety, pain, quality of life and Pittsburgh sleep quality index were significantly higher in the intervention versus placebo group after the treatment period and at the 6-month follow-up. However, at the 1-year follow-up, the groups only differed in the Pittsburgh sleep quality index. Approaching fibromyalgia by means of craniosacral therapy contributes to improving anxiety and quality of life levels in these patients.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Flow of participants in the study. None of the 84 participants reported adverse effects.
Figure 2
Figure 2
Comparisons between study groups in levels of depression, anxiety and pain. *P = .05 (95% CI). Values are presented as means.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 7 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. Merayo-Alonso LA, Cano-García FJ, Rodríguez-Franco L, Ariza-Ariza R, Navarro-Sarabia F. Un acercamiento bibliométrico a la investigación en fibromialgia [A bibliometric approach to research into fibromyalgia] Reumatologia Clinica. 2007;3(2):55–62. - PubMed
    1. Tan S, Tillisch K, Mayer E. Functional somatic syndromes: emerging biomedical models and traditional Chinese medicine. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2004;1:35–40. - PMC - PubMed
    1. Suhr JA. Neuropsychological impairment in fibromyalgia: relation to depression, fatigue, and pain. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2003;55(4):321–329. - PubMed
    1. Macintyre A, Hume MC. The chronic fatigue syndrome. Postgraduate Medical Journal. 1993;69(808):p. 164. - PMC - PubMed
    1. Hudson JI, Arnold LM, Keck PE, Jr., Auchenbach MB, Pope HG., Jr. Family study of fibromyalgia and affective spectrum disorder. Biological Psychiatry. 2004;56(11):884–891. - PubMed
Feedback