Background: Genetic variations of UDP-glucuronyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) influence the concentration of serum bilirubin. We investigated the association of four common polymorphisms including UGT1A1-53(TA)(n), and common haplotypes of the UGT1A1 gene with bilirubin levels in 218 Caucasian volunteers.
Methods: Total bilirubin was measured in serum of 218 healthy Caucasian volunteers. Genotyping of four genetic variants was performed: UGT1A1-53(TA)(6/7), UGT1A1c.-3279T>G, UGT1A1c.-3156G>A, and UGT1A1c.211G>A. The association between polymorphisms/haplotypes and bilirubin levels were determined.
Results: Minor allele frequencies were 0.36 for UGT1A1-53(TA)(7), 0.47 for c.-3279G, 0.33 for c.-3156A and 0.006 for c.211A. The three promoter polymorphisms were in close linkage disequilibrium. Common haplotypes were: -53(TA)(6)/c.-3279T/c.211G (frequency 0.530), -53(TA)(7)/c.-3279G/c.211G (frequency 0.365), and -53(TA)(6)/c.-3279G/c.211G (frequency 0.099). Male sex, UGT1A1-53(TA)(6/7) and the c.-3279GG variant were significantly associated with higher bilirubin concentrations.
Conclusions: Two UGT1A1 promoter polymorphisms (-53(TA)(6/7) and c.-3279T>G) and a common haplotype of the UGT1A1 gene are associated with serum bilirubin concentrations in Caucasians.