Genome-wide study of Pseudomonas aeruginosa outer membrane protein immunogenicity using self-assembling protein microarrays

Infect Immun. 2009 Nov;77(11):4877-86. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00698-09. Epub 2009 Sep 8.


Pseudomonas aeruginosa is responsible for potentially life-threatening infections in individuals with compromised defense mechanisms and those with cystic fibrosis. P. aeruginosa infection is notable for the appearance of a humoral response to some known antigens, such as flagellin C, elastase, alkaline protease, and others. Although a number of immunogenic proteins are known, no effective vaccine has been approved yet. Here, we report a comprehensive study of all 262 outer membrane and exported P. aeruginosa PAO1 proteins by a modified protein microarray methodology called the nucleic acid-programmable protein array. From this study, it was possible to identify 12 proteins that trigger an adaptive immune response in cystic fibrosis and acutely infected patients, providing valuable information about which bacterial proteins are actually recognized by the immune system in vivo during the natural course of infection. The differential detections of these proteins in patients and controls proved to be statistically significant (P<0.01). The study provides a list of potential candidates for the improvement of serological diagnostics and the development of vaccines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antigens, Bacterial / genetics
  • Antigens, Bacterial / immunology*
  • Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins / immunology*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cystic Fibrosis / blood
  • Cystic Fibrosis / immunology*
  • Cystic Fibrosis / microbiology
  • Genome-Wide Association Study
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Protein Array Analysis
  • Pseudomonas Infections / immunology*
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / genetics
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / immunology*


  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins