In a double-blind study, 41 schizophrenic patients (ICD, 9th rev.) were divided into two groups. With a flexible dose, twenty patients were treated with haloperidol, twenty-one with amisulpride. With respect to relevant criteria such as age, sex, length and degree of illness, the two groups were comparable. The study was conducted over 42 days. As early as within the first 14 days, both groups showed significant improvement with respect to their psychotic symptoms. When the two groups were compared on the basis of the BPRS subscore for the anxiety-depression syndrome, and the AMDP system subscores for the somatic-depressive syndrome and the hypochondriac syndrome, the amisulpride group showed significantly better results than the haloperidol group. The ratings on the EPS scales of Webster and Simpson revealed significantly fewer extrapyramidal side-effects in the amisulpride group. Psychotic symptoms were improved after both types of treatment. Amisulpride treatment showed better results with regard to depressive symptoms, and less tendency to generate extrapyramidal side-effects.