We have examined expression of the Myc target gene Misu (NSUN2) in breast cancer. There was extensive copy number gain, and increased mRNA and protein levels, of Misu in approximately one third of breast cancer cell lines and primary tumours examined, irrespective of tumour subtype. Genes on 5p15.31-33, where Misu is located, showed evolutionary synteny. siRNA-mediated knockdown of Misu reduced cell number in over half of the cell lines tested, irrespective of estrogen receptor status. We conclude that Misu is up-regulated in a substantial proportion of breast cancers and has therapeutic potential as a drug target.
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