Injuries and medical issues in synchronized Olympic sports

Curr Sports Med Rep. 2009 Sep-Oct;8(5):255-61. doi: 10.1249/JSR.0b013e3181b84a09.


Spectators of the Olympic Games can enjoy a wide variety of sports, including strength, team, timed, endurance, and artistic sports. In the Olympic program, there are two synchronized events: synchronized diving and synchronized swimming. The precision of the synchronization of the athlete's movements and skills is an added feature of entertainment. Synchronized athletes have additional training requirements to perfect the synchronization of their skills. The physical demands on the athlete from the repetition of training required for the perfection of synchronization result in injuries unique to these sports. Although both traumatic and overuse injuries occur, overuse injuries are more common. As these disciplines are artistic, judged sports, these athletes also are susceptible to eating disorders and the female athlete triad. This article reviews the training regimen of these athletes and outlines the injuries and health concerns that are common in the synchronized sports.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis*
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy*
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cumulative Trauma Disorders / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Swimming / injuries*
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / diagnosis*
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / therapy*