Psychosocial development in a Danish population of children with cochlear implants and deaf and hard-of-hearing children

J Deaf Stud Deaf Educ. 2010 Winter;15(1):50-8. doi: 10.1093/deafed/enp024. Epub 2009 Sep 10.


Research has shown a prevalence of psychosocial difficulties ranging from about 20% to 50% among children with hearing loss. This study evaluates the prevalence of psychosocial difficulties in a Danish population in relation to different explanatory variables. Five scales and questionnaires measuring sign language, spoken language, hearing abilities, and psychosocial difficulties were given to 334 children with hearing loss. Results show that the prevalence of psychosocial difficulties was 3.7 times greater compared with a group of hearing children. In the group of children with additional disabilities, the prevalence was 3 times greater compared with children without additional disabilities. If sign language and/or oral language abilities are good, the children do not have a substantially higher level of psychosocial difficulties than do hearing children. This study documents the importance of communication-no matter the modality or degree of hearing loss-for the psychosocial well-being of hearing-impaired children.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cochlear Implants*
  • Deafness* / epidemiology
  • Deafness* / psychology
  • Deafness* / surgery
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Persons With Hearing Impairments / psychology*
  • Persons With Hearing Impairments / statistics & numerical data*
  • Population Surveillance / methods*
  • Prevalence
  • Psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult