Mutual respect in healthcare: assessing cultural competence for the University of Utah Interdisciplinary Health Sciences

J Allied Health. 2009 Summer;38(2):e54-62.


Introduction: The University initiated an Interdisciplinary Health Sciences Students (IHSS) education program, Cultural Competency & Mutual Respect (CCMR), for medicine (MED), pharmacy (PHARM), nursing (NSG), physical (PT) and occupational therapy (OT). This study assessed CCMR pre/post learning outcomes through the Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence-Revised((c)) (IAPCC-R).

Methods: Subjects included: 100 MED, 140 NSG, 36 PT, 11 OT and 53 PHARM IHSS. IAPCC-R(c) completed by IHSS: 263 Fall, 2003; 48 Spring, 2004. Controls included 100 MED and 36 PT. Pre/post test scores were calculated. Paired analyses performed, comparing overall CC scores and constructs, p < 0.05.

Results: Overall pre versus post mean scores: 2003: 69.75 and 71.62; 2004: 66.77 and 71.85. Paired t-test 2003: MED t = -3.1976 P > t = 0.0020; NSG t = 0.5196 P > t = 0.6064; PT t = 4.7181 P > t=0.0000; 2004: PHARM t =-3.7861 P > t=0.0006; All other t = -1.7392 P > t = 0.1425. Two sample t-test, significant only for post-module for Hispanic/Asian/other, 77.50, White, Non-Hispanic 70.37.

Discussion: Results indicate PT, MED, PHARM attained significant scores for constructs: Attitudes, Knowledge, and Skills; but not Encounters and Desires. Post-test scores indicated progressions approaching CC, however not yet Culturally Proficient.

Conclusion: Results indicate IHSS are becoming more Culturally Aware as a result of CCMR participation; however, they have not achieved Cultural Proficiency. The constructs of Cultural Desire and Encounters warrant curricular enhancement for progression towards Cultural Proficiency.

MeSH terms

  • Allied Health Occupations / education*
  • Cultural Competency / education*
  • Curriculum
  • Data Collection
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations*
  • Universities*
  • Utah