B-lymphocyte calcium influx

Immunol Rev. 2009 Sep;231(1):265-77. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-065X.2009.00822.x.


Dynamic changes in cytoplasmic calcium concentration dictate the immunological fate and functions of lymphocytes. During the past few years, important details have been revealed about the mechanism of store-operated calcium entry in lymphocytes, including the molecular identity of calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channels and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium sensor (STIM1) responsible for CRAC channel activation following calcium depletion of stores. However, details of the potential fine regulation of CRAC channel activation that may be imposed on lymphocytes following physiologic stimulation within an inflammatory environment have not been fully addressed. In this review, we discuss several underexplored aspects of store-operated (CRAC-mediated) and store-independent calcium signaling in B lymphocytes. First, we discuss results suggesting that coupling between stores and CRAC channels may be regulated, allowing for fine tuning of CRAC channel activation following depletion of ER stores. Second, we discuss mechanisms that sustain the duration of calcium entry via CRAC channels. Finally, we discuss distinct calcium permeant non-selective cation channels (NSCCs) that are activated by innate stimuli in B cells, the potential means by which these innate calcium signaling pathways and CRAC channels crossregulate one another, and the mechanistic basis and physiologic consequences of innate calcium signaling.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • B-Lymphocytes / metabolism*
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Calcium Channels / metabolism
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell / immunology
  • Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell / metabolism


  • Calcium Channels
  • Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell
  • Calcium