Outcome of unprotected left main percutaneous coronary intervention in surgical low-risk, surgical high-risk, and acute myocardial infarction patients

EuroIntervention. 2006 Feb;1(4):403-8.


Aim: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of left main (LM) coronary artery stenosis may become an alternative to the standard therapy, coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The purpose of the present study was to describe the outcome after LM PCI in three cohorts of patients: patients with low surgical risk, patients with high surgical risk or patients considered inoperable, and patients with acute ST elevation MI.

Methods and results: 104 consecutive patients who had LM PCI at the Department of Cardiology, Skejby University hospital between 1999 and 2004 were investigated. The patients were divided into three groups according to PCI indication and operability: surgical low risk patients and suitable lesions for PCI (n=27), poor CABG candidates (age > 80 years, severe comorbidity or inoperability) (n=50), and patients presenting with AMI (n=27). In the three groups mean ages+/-SD were: 60+/-14, 76+/-9, and 68+/-12 years, respectively. At thirty days follow-up the cumulative incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE); cardiac death, MI, or target lesion revascularization (95% CI) were 4 (1-24)%, 16 (8-30)%, and 41 (25-61)%, respectively. At 6 months the cumulative incidence of MACE were 4 (1-24)%, 27 (17-43)%, and 41 (25-62)%.

Conclusions: PCI of LM coronary artery stenosis can be performed with good outcome in patients with low surgical risk and with acceptable outcome in surgical high risk patients or patients considered inoperable. Patients with AMI and culprit lesion in the LM have a high mortality in the acute phase, but mid-term prognosis is good if the patient is successfully treated with PCI. This follow-up study underlines the importance of risk stratification in the heterogeneous group of patients undergoing LM PCI.