The Effectiveness of a Bicycle Safety Program for Improving Safety-Related Knowledge and Behavior in Young Elementary Students

J Pediatr Psychol. 2010 May;35(4):343-53. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsp076. Epub 2009 Sep 15.

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the "Bike Smart" program, an eHealth software program that teaches bicycle safety behaviors to young children.

Methods: Participants were 206 elementary students in grades kindergarten to 3. A random control design was employed to evaluate the program, with students assigned to either the treatment condition (Bike Smart) or the control condition (a video on childhood safety). Outcome measures included computer-based knowledge items (safety rules, helmet placement, hazard discrimination) and a behavioral measure of helmet placement.

Results: Results demonstrated that regardless of gender, cohort, and grade the participants in the treatment group showed greater gains than control participants in both the computer-presented knowledge items (p > .01) and the observational helmet measure (p > .05).

Conclusions: Findings suggest that the Bike Smart program can be a low cost, effective component of safety training packages that include both skills-based and experiential training.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Bicycling*
  • Child
  • Child Behavior / psychology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cohort Studies
  • Computers
  • Female
  • Head Protective Devices / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Program Evaluation* / statistics & numerical data
  • Safety*
  • Software*