A new unstable beta globin chain variant associated with methemoglobin (Met-Hb) phenotype was found in a Caucasian infant. Molecular analysis of the beta globin gene using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and sequencing led to the detection of a new in frame deletion in exon-1. Direct sequencing of the PCR product revealed a 3 bp deletion (-GTG) between codons 25/26, which resulted in the loss of a single amino acid (-Gly). We propose that this newly discovered unstable M-hemoglobin (M-Hb) variant, named Hb Dothan [GGT/GAG-->GAG//Gly/Glu-->Glu], is caused by a shift in the amino acid sequence and altered packing of the B and E helices during beta globin synthesis, and also changes the orientation of the critical proximal and distal histidine in the F and E helices respectively. Phenotype/Genotype features and molecular characteristics of this new beta chain are presented in this communication.