Evaluation of quantitative planar 90Y bremsstrahlung whole-body imaging

Phys Med Biol. 2009 Oct 7;54(19):5873-83. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/54/19/014. Epub 2009 Sep 17.


With high-dose administration of (90)Y labeled antibodies, it is possible to image (90)Y without an admixture of (111)In. We have earlier shown that it is possible to perform quantitative (90)Y bremsstrahlung SPECT for dosimetry purposes with reasonable accuracy. However, whole-body (WB) activity quantification with the conjugate view method is not as time consuming as SPECT and has been the method of choice for dosimetry. We have investigated the possibility of using a conjugate view method where scatter-, backscatter- and septal-penetration compensations are performed by inverse filtering and attenuation correction is performed with a WB x-ray image, for total-body and organ activity quantification of (90)Y. The method was evaluated using both Monte Carlo simulated scintillation camera images using realistic source distributions, and by an experimental phantom study. The method was evaluated in terms of image quality and accuracy of the activity quantification. The experimental phantom study was performed using the RSD torso phantom with (90)Y activity uniformly distributed in the liver insert. A GE Discovery VH/Hawkeye system was used to acquire the image. The simulation study was performed for a realistic activity distribution in the NCAT anthropomorphic phantom where (90)Y bremsstrahlung images were generated using the SIMIND MC program. Two different phantom configurations and two activity distributions were simulated. To mimic the RSD phantom experiment one simulation study was also made with (90)Y activity located only in the liver. The SIMIND program was configured to resemble a GE Discovery VH/Hawkeye system. An x-ray projector program was used to generate whole-body x-ray images from the NCAT phantom for attenuation correction in the conjugate view method. Organ activities were calculated from ROIs that exactly covered the organs. Corrections for background activity, overlapping activity and source extension in the depth direction were applied on the ROI data. The total-body activities for the simulated images were generally overestimated by around 10%, which is reasonable since the correction for source extension was not applied on the total-body values. The accuracy of the organ activities was mostly within 15% for both the simulation study and the experimental study. The results suggest that it is possible to quantify (90)Y activity in ROIs with reasonable accuracy using this method.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Gamma Cameras
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Monte Carlo Method
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Whole Body Imaging / instrumentation
  • Whole Body Imaging / methods*
  • Yttrium*


  • Yttrium