The specificities of Sex combs reduced and Antennapedia are defined by a distinct portion of each protein that includes the homeodomain

Cell. 1990 Sep 21;62(6):1087-103. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(90)90386-s.


The sequence requirements for distinguishing the functional specificities of two homeodomain proteins, Antennapedia and Sex combs reduced, involved in the specification of segmental identities in Drosophila, have been determined. A series of deletions and hybrid proteins was generated and assayed for their function in vivo after heat shock-induced ectopic expression during development. A distinct portion of each protein, including the residues within and adjacent to both ends of the homeodomain, has been found to almost entirely determine its functional specificity as measured by diagnostic cuticular transformations of embryonic and adult head structures. The remaining sequences contribute to the potency with which the proteins act in different cells and are to a limited extent functionally transferable from one protein to the other.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antennapedia Homeodomain Protein
  • Chromosome Deletion
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Drosophila / embryology
  • Drosophila / genetics*
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian / physiology
  • Genes, Homeobox*
  • Homeodomain Proteins*
  • Hot Temperature
  • Insect Hormones / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Transcription Factors*
  • Transformation, Genetic


  • Antennapedia Homeodomain Protein
  • Antp protein, Drosophila
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Insect Hormones
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Scr protein, Drosophila
  • Transcription Factors