Phage-induced alignment of membrane proteins enables the measurement and structural analysis of residual dipolar couplings with dipolar waves and lambda-maps

J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Oct 14;131(40):14140-1. doi: 10.1021/ja905640d.


At pH > 6 added filamentous bacteriophage fd is compatible with many of the detergents used to solubilize membrane proteins for solution NMR studies of membrane proteins and, therefore, serves as an alignment media. In combination with strained polyacrylamide gel alignment, Dipolar Waves can be used to directly assess the secondary structure and a lambda-map extracts the order tensors for de novo structure calculation of membrane proteins without distance restraints.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acrylic Resins / chemistry
  • Bacteriophage M13 / chemistry*
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry*
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular / methods*
  • Phospholipids / chemistry
  • Protein Structure, Secondary


  • Acrylic Resins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Phospholipids
  • polyacrylamide gels