Mouse models that mimic human diseases are important tools for investigating underlying mechanisms in many disease states. Although the demand for these models is high, there are few schools or courses available for surgeons to obtain the necessary skills. Researchers are usually exposed to brief descriptions of the procedures in scientific journals, which they then attempt to reproduce by trial and error. This often leads to a number of mistakes and unnecessary loss of animals. This chapter provides comprehensive details of three major surgical procedures currently employed in cardiovascular research: aortic constriction (of both ascending and transverse portions), pulmonary artery banding, and myocardial infarction (including ischemia-reperfusion). It guides the reader through the entire procedure, from the preparation of the animal for surgery until its full recovery, and includes a list of all necessary tools and devices. Due consideration has been given to the pitfalls and possible complications in the course of surgery. Adhering to our recommendations should improve reproducibility of the models and bring the number of the animal subjects to the minimum.