Combined pharmacophore modeling, docking, and 3D QSAR studies of ABCB1 and ABCC1 transporter inhibitors

ChemMedChem. 2009 Nov;4(11):1883-96. doi: 10.1002/cmdc.200900282.

Abstract

Quinazolinones, indolo- and pyrrolopyrimidines with inhibitory effects toward ABCB1 (P-gp) and ABCC1 (MRP1) transporters were studied by pharmacophore modeling, docking, and 3D QSAR to describe the binding preferences of the proteins. The pharmacophore overlays between dual and/or highly selective inhibitors point to binding sites of different topology and physiochemical properties for MRP1 and P-gp. Docking of selective inhibitors into the P-gp binding cavity by the use of a structural model based on the recently resolved P-gp structure confirms the P-gp pharmacophore features identified, and reveals the interactions of some functional groups and atoms in the structures with particular protein residues. The 3D QSAR analysis of the dual-effect inhibitors allows satisfactory prediction of the selectivity index of the compounds and outlines electrostatics as most important for selectivity. The results from the combined modeling approach complement each other and could improve our understanding of the protein-ligand interactions involved, and could aid in the development of highly selective and potent inhibitors of P-gp and MRP1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 / metabolism
  • Binding Sites
  • Computer Simulation
  • Humans
  • Indoles / chemistry
  • Models, Chemical
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins / metabolism
  • Pyrimidines / chemistry
  • Pyrimidines / pharmacology
  • Pyrroles / chemistry
  • Pyrroles / pharmacology
  • Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Quinazolinones / chemistry
  • Quinazolinones / pharmacology

Substances

  • ABCB1 protein, human
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B
  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1
  • Indoles
  • Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins
  • Pyrimidines
  • Pyrroles
  • Quinazolinones
  • pyrrolopyrimidine
  • multidrug resistance-associated protein 1