Interplay between protein homeostasis networks in protein aggregation and proteotoxicity

Biopolymers. 2010 Mar;93(3):229-36. doi: 10.1002/bip.21304.


The misfolding and aggregation of disease proteins is characteristic of numerous neurodegenerative diseases. Particular neuronal populations are more vulnerable to proteotoxicity while others are more apt to tolerate the misfolding and aggregation of disease proteins. Thus, the cellular environment must play a significant role in determining whether disease proteins are converted into toxic or benign forms. The endomembrane network of eukaryotes divides the cell into different subcellular compartments that possess distinct sets of molecular chaperones and protein interaction networks. Chaperones act as agonists and antagonists of disease protein aggregation to prevent the accumulation of toxic intermediates in the aggregation pathway. Interacting partners can also modulate the conformation and localization of disease proteins and thereby influence proteotoxicity. Thus, interplay between these protein homeostasis network components can modulate the self-association of disease proteins and determine whether they elicit a toxic or benign outcome.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Homeostasis*
  • Humans
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / physiopathology
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Folding*
  • Proteins / chemistry*
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / metabolism*


  • Proteins