Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA) is a congenital bone marrow (BM) failure syndrome that typically results in macrocytic anemia within the first year of life. DBA is also associated with birth defects, increased incidence of cancer, and other cytopenias. Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is a multisystem disease characterized by exocrine pancreatic dysfunction, impaired hematopoiesis, and leukemia predisposition. Other clinical features include skeletal, immunologic, hepatic, and cardiac disorders. Treatment for these BM failure syndromes, including stem cell transplantation (SCT), will be discussed in this review.
Copyright 2010 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.