CT and MRI in diseases of the aorta

AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Oct;193(4):928-40. doi: 10.2214/AJR.08.2166.


Objective: This review focuses on the role of CT and MRI in the diagnosis, follow-up, and surgical planning of aortic aneurysms and acute aortic syndromes, including aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and penetrating aortic ulcer. It also provides a systematic approach to the definition, causes, natural history, and imaging principles of these diseases.

Conclusion: An understanding of the pathophysiology, natural history, and imaging features is the key to successful diagnosis and appropriate management of patients with these aortic diseases.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aorta / pathology*
  • Aortography / methods*
  • Female
  • Heart Valve Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*