Parathyroid hormone (PTH) plays a critical role in the regulation of renal phosphorous homeostasis by altering the levels of the sodium-phosphate cotransporter NaPi2a in the brush border membrane (BBM) of renal proximal tubular cells. While details of the molecular events of PTH-induced internalization of NaPi2a are emerging, the precise events governing NaPi2a removal from brush border microvilli in response to PTH remain to be fully determined. Here we use a novel application of total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy to examine how PTH induces movement of NaPi2a out of brush border microvilli in living cells in real time. We show that a dynamic actin cytoskeleton is required for NaPi2a removal from the BBM in response to PTH. In addition, we demonstrate that a myosin motor that has previously been shown to be coregulated with NaPi2a, myosin VI, is necessary for PTH-induced removal of NaPi2a from BBM microvilli.