Ovarian cancer mouse models: a summary of current models and their limitations

J Ovarian Res. 2009 Sep 28;2(1):12. doi: 10.1186/1757-2215-2-12.


Development of mouse models representing human spontaneous ovarian cancer has been hampered by the lack of understanding of the etiology of this very complex disease. Mouse models representing the different types of ovarian cancer are needed to understand how epithelial ovarian cancer differs from granulosa cell tumors. Many different methods have been used to generate a viable genetic model with limited success. This review focuses on the methods of various investigators and the limitations of each model in establishing a reproducible and inheritable line to study this disease.