Transcription dynamics

Mol Cell. 2009 Sep 24;35(6):741-53. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2009.09.005.


All aspects of transcription and its regulation involve dynamic events. The basal transcription machinery and regulatory components are dynamically recruited to their target genes, and dynamic interactions of transcription factors with chromatin--and with each other--play a key role in RNA polymerase assembly, initiation, and elongation. These short-term binding dynamics of transcription factors are superimposed by long-term cyclical behavior of chromatin opening and transcription factor-binding events. Its dynamic nature is not only a fundamental property of the transcription machinery, but it is emerging as an important modulator of physiological processes, particularly in differentiation and development.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Cell Nucleus / enzymology
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Chromatin / metabolism
  • Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
  • DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genomics / methods
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • RNA / biosynthesis*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • Chromatin
  • Multiprotein Complexes
  • Transcription Factors
  • RNA
  • DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases