Geobacillus thermoleovorans B23 is capable of degrading long-chain alkanes at 70 degrees C. Bt-aldh, an aldehyde dehydrogenase gene in B23, was located in the upstream region of p21 whose expression level was dramatically increased when alkane degradation was started (Kato et al. 2009, BMC Microbiol 9:60). Like p21, transcription level of Bt-aldh was also increased upon alkane degradation. Bt-Aldh (497 aa, MW = 53,886) was overproduced in Escherichia coli, purified, and characterized biochemically. Bt-Aldh acted as an octamer, required NAD(+) as a coenzyme, and showed high activity against aliphatic long-chain aldehydes such as tetradecanal. The optimum condition for activity was 50-55 degrees C and pH 10.0. The activity was elevated to two- to threefold in the presence of 2 mM Ba(2+), Ca(2+), or Sr(2+), while Mg(2+) and Zn(2+) inhibited the enzyme activity. Bt-Aldh represents thermophilic aldehyde dehydrogenases responsible for degradation of long-chain alkanes.