Chicken consumption and use of acid-suppressing medications as risk factors for Campylobacter enteritis, England

Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Sep;15(9):1402-8. doi: 10.3201/eid1509.080773.


In a case-control study of Campylobacter spp. risk factors in England during 2005-2006, we identified recent consumption of commercially prepared chicken as an important risk factor. The risk for illness associated with recent chicken consumption was much lower for persons who regularly ate chicken than in those who did not, which suggests that partial immunologic protection may follow regular chicken preparation or consumption. Chicken-related risk factors accounted for 41% of cases; acid-suppressing medication, for 10%; self-reported past Campylobacter enteritis, 2%; and recent acquisition of a pet dog, 1%. Understanding the risks associated with chicken from different sources will benefit strategies to reduce Campylobacter infections. Better characterization of immune correlates for Campylobacter infection is necessary to assess the relative importance of immunity and behavioral factors in determining risk.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Antacids / therapeutic use*
  • Campylobacter Infections* / epidemiology
  • Campylobacter Infections* / microbiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chickens*
  • Dogs
  • England / epidemiology
  • Enteritis* / epidemiology
  • Enteritis* / microbiology
  • Female
  • Food Contamination
  • Food Handling
  • Food Microbiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meat*
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult


  • Antacids