Airway management and smoke inhalation injury in the burn patient

Clin Plast Surg. 2009 Oct;36(4):555-67. doi: 10.1016/j.cps.2009.05.013.


Smoke inhalation injury, a unique form of acute lung injury, greatly increases the occurrence of postburn morbidity and mortality. In addition to early intubation for upper-airway protection, subsequent critical care of patients who have this injury should be directed at maintaining distal airway patency. High-frequency ventilation, inhaled heparin, and aggressive pulmonary toilet are among the therapies available. Even so, immunosuppression, intubation, and airway damage predispose these patients to pneumonia and other complications.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Burns / complications*
  • Fluid Therapy
  • Humans
  • Intubation, Intratracheal
  • Respiration, Artificial*
  • Smoke Inhalation Injury / complications
  • Smoke Inhalation Injury / diagnosis
  • Smoke Inhalation Injury / therapy*