Oligomerized TICAM-1 (TRIF) in the cytoplasm recruits nuclear BS69 to enhance NF-kappaB activation and type I IFN induction

Eur J Immunol. 2009 Dec;39(12):3469-76. doi: 10.1002/eji.200939878.


Although adenovirus 5 E1A-binding protein (BS69) is a nuclear protein acting as a transcriptional repressor, we found by an yeast two-hybrid and human cell immunoprecipitation another cytoplasmic function for this protein. BS69 bound Toll-interleukin 1 receptor domain (TIR)-containing adaptor molecule-1 (TICAM-1) (also named TRIF), an adaptor protein that couples with TLR3 around the endosome. BS69 translocated from the nucleus to the cytoplasm when cells were stimulated with dsRNA or transfected with TICAM-1. Confocal analysis of cells with over-expressed TICAM-1 or those stimulated with dsRNA revealed the characteristic "TICAM-1 speckle", which reflects signalosome formation necessary for the activation of NF-kappaB and IFN-regulatory factor (IRF)-3. BS69 was involved in the TICAM-1 complex, and the activation of NF-kappaB/IRF-3 followed by cytokine production was augmented in the presence of BS69 overexpression. Knockdown of endogenous BS69 resulted in a decrease of IFN-beta induction, suggesting that BS69 is a positive regulator for the TLR3-TICAM-1 pathway. These results, together with a recent report showing the negative regulatory properties of BS69 in NF-kappaB activation by EBV-derived latent membrane protein 1, suggest that BS69 harbors dual modes of cytoplasmic NF-kappaB regulation, positively in the TICAM-1 pathway and negatively in the latent membrane protein 1 pathway.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport / chemistry
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport / genetics
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport / metabolism*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cell Line
  • Co-Repressor Proteins
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-3 / genetics
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-3 / metabolism
  • Interferon-beta / genetics
  • Interferon-beta / metabolism*
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism*
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Multimerization
  • Protein Transport
  • RNA Interference
  • Signal Transduction
  • Toll-Like Receptor 3 / genetics
  • Toll-Like Receptor 3 / metabolism
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques


  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Co-Repressor Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • IRF3 protein, human
  • Interferon Regulatory Factor-3
  • NF-kappa B
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • TICAM1 protein, human
  • TLR3 protein, human
  • Toll-Like Receptor 3
  • ZMYND11 protein, human
  • Interferon-beta