Spontaneous cerebral embolism in a forty year old man: case report and review of the literature

J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2009 Oct;22(10):1197.e1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.echo.2009.04.010.


Calcific cerebral emboli are a known complication of aortic stenosis. Most of these emboli are related to traumatic disruption, via cardiac catheterization, valvotomy, or valve replacement. Spontaneous calcific cerebral emboli are extremely rare and are typically associated with heavily calcified bicuspid aortic valves, especially when they occur in young adults. The authors report a case of a spontaneous calcific embolic infarction in a 40-year-old man with a trileaflet aortic valve.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aortic Diseases / complications*
  • Aortic Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Embolism / diagnostic imaging*
  • Intracranial Embolism / etiology*
  • Male
  • Ultrasonography