AKT1 mutations in bladder cancer: identification of a novel oncogenic mutation that can co-operate with E17K

Oncogene. 2010 Jan 7;29(1):150-5. doi: 10.1038/onc.2009.315. Epub 2009 Oct 5.


The phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3 kinase)-AKT pathway is frequently activated in cancer. Recent reports have identified a transforming mutation of AKT1 in breast, colorectal, ovarian and lung cancers. We report here the occurrence of this mutation in bladder tumours. The AKT1 G49A (E17K) mutation was found in 2/44 (4.8%) bladder cancer cell lines and 5/184 (2.7%) bladder tumours. Cell lines expressing mutant AKT1 show constitutive AKT1 activation under conditions of growth factor withdrawal. We also detected a novel AKT1 mutation G145A (E49K). This mutation also enhances AKT activation and shows transforming activity in NIH3T3 cells, though activity is weaker than that of E17K. Enhanced activation of AKT1 when E17K and E49K mutations are in tandem suggests that they can co-operate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Enzyme Activation / genetics
  • Gene Frequency
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mutation, Missense*
  • NIH 3T3 Cells
  • Phosphorylation
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism
  • Serine / metabolism
  • Threonine / metabolism
  • Transfection
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology


  • Threonine
  • Serine
  • AKT1 protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt