A case report of cranial polyneuropathy in Behcet's disease

Neurol Sci. 2010 Feb;31(1):83-5. doi: 10.1007/s10072-009-0162-3. Epub 2009 Oct 6.


Behcet's disease (BD) is a multisystem relapsing inflammatory disorder. Nervous system involvement is the most serious manifestation of BD. Neuro-Behcet's disease (n-BD) is classified into parenchymal meningoencephalitis pattern and non-parenchymal vascular patterns. Isolated meningitis is rarely the sole presenting feature of n-BD. We report a 19-year-old man with BD who presented with cranial polyneuropathy secondary to aseptic meningitis. He made a gradual though incomplete recovery with steroid therapy. Cranial polyneuropathy secondary to meningeal involvement can be a presentation of n-BD, and Behcet's disease should be a consideration in patients with idiopathic cranial polyneuropathy.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Behcet Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Behcet Syndrome / drug therapy
  • Behcet Syndrome / pathology*
  • Brain / blood supply
  • Brain / pathology
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Cranial Nerve Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Cranial Nerve Diseases / drug therapy
  • Cranial Nerve Diseases / pathology*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Meningitis / diagnosis
  • Meningitis / drug therapy
  • Meningitis / pathology
  • Polyneuropathies / diagnosis*
  • Polyneuropathies / drug therapy
  • Polyneuropathies / pathology*
  • Steroids / therapeutic use
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Steroids