Randomized placebo-controlled double-blind clinical trial of cannabis-based medicinal product (Sativex) in painful diabetic neuropathy: depression is a major confounding factor

Diabetes Care. 2010 Jan;33(1):128-30. doi: 10.2337/dc09-1029. Epub 2009 Oct 6.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the efficacy of Sativex, a cannabis-based medicinal extract, as adjuvant treatment in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).

Research design and methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 30 subjects with painful DPN received daily Sativex or placebo. The primary outcome measure was change in mean daily pain scores, and secondary outcome measures included quality-of-life assessments.

Results: There was significant improvement in pain scores in both groups, but mean change between groups was not significant. There were no significant differences in secondary outcome measures. Patients with depression had significantly greater baseline pain scores that improved regardless of intervention.

Conclusions: This first-ever trial assessing the efficacy of cannabis has shown it to be no more efficacious than placebo in painful DPN. Depression was a major confounder and may have important implications for future trials on painful DPN.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cannabidiol
  • Depression / chemically induced*
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / drug therapy*
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / psychology
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Dronabinol
  • Drug Combinations
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain / drug therapy
  • Pain Measurement
  • Placebos
  • Plant Extracts / adverse effects*
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use*
  • Quality of Life
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Drug Combinations
  • Placebos
  • Plant Extracts
  • Cannabidiol
  • Dronabinol
  • nabiximols